Forming part of Inner London, Camden is a borough of London with the southern area of the district forming a portion of Central London. The metropolitan boroughs of Holborn, St Pancras and Hampstead, which had previously partially been a part of the County of London, are the areas out of which Camden was created. The district gained its name from Camden Town, which in turn was termed by the 1st Earl of Camden. The borough has been home to numerous personalities, and 162 English Heritage blue plaques have been placed at relevant locations throughout the town to commemorate such people. The geographical location of Camden places it in close proximity to both the City of London and the City of Westminster in the south.
The population of Camden has experienced relatively erratic movement since the development of the modern borough. A rise in headcount was experienced throughout the 19th century as the borough became more established; however, the introduction of the railways saw a gradual decline in the growth rate of the population as the amount of people made homeless by the development of lines through the borough and the new central London terminals far exceeded the amount of people attracted by the prospect of new employment.An official clearing up of the overcrowded slums within the districttook place subsequent to the peaking of population levels during this railway construction period. Further residential public housing was developed after World War II torehouse the many London people who had been made homeless during the German Blitz, and this resulted in an exodus away from London and toward new districts included under the Abercrombie Plan for London. The decline in industrial activity in the late 20th century also led to a further decline in population, but this has since been on the rise with the release of gas and railway work areas around Kings Cross and new housing expansions on brownfield sites.
Camden has a relatively sophisticated transport network, assisting in ensuring that mobility and accessibility both within and outside of the town is efficient and reliable. Transport for London operates all bus services within the borough and bus routes are available to every suburb in the district. The National Rail offers three out of the fourteen central London’s railway stations in Camden, being St Pancras International, Kings Cross and Euston, with these three stations being the busiest in London. The London Overground’s Line also serves a significant portion of the borough, with First Capital Connect Thameslink operating route services at three locations. This network is currently undergoing major expansion in order to link the borough to more destinations in both the south and the east of England. London Underground Services ate also prevalent within Camden with many stations scattered around the town. The extensive transport network located in the borough has necessitated a much greater British Transport Police presence than many other boroughs within London. The policing of England’s entire railway network falls to the British Transport Police.
Culturally, the district is home to numerous theatres, parks and open spaces, museums, zoos and historically significant structures. The following attractions are available to visit in Camden: Founding Museum, Fenton House, Drama Centre London, Dominion Theatre, Covent Garden, Camden Market, Camden catacombs, Camden Arts Centre, BT Tower, Bloomsbury Theatre, Phoenix Garden, Parliament Hill Lido, Lincoln’s Inn, Kentwood House, Highgate Cemetery, Hatton Garden, Hampstead Heath, Hampstead Cemetery, Gray’s Inn, Grant Museum of Zoology, Wellcome Collection, Electric Ballroom, London Astoria, London Zoo, World’s End, Upstairs at the Gatehouse, Sir John Soane’s Museum, Shaftesbury Theatre, Russell Square and The Round House. Camden has also been home to a few well-renowned authors and poets. Illustrious author, Charles Dickens, resided in the town for several years. The house in which he stayed has since been converted to a museum in his honour and displaying a large collection of rare editions, paintings, original furniture and manuscripts relating to Dickens’ life and works. Similarly, the house in which romantic poet John Keats resided while living in Camden has since been converted into a museum holding a public library and artifacts relating to Keats. Austrian neurologist, Sigmund Freud, and his family spent the last year of his life in the Camden borough. This house has also since been transformed into a museum honouring and commemorating the life and works of Freud. The bottom level of the museum houses Sigmund Freud’s hall, dining room and study, as well as the museum shop, with the first floor houses a video room and a temporary exhibition room hosting Freud-themes displays and alternate modern art. There are only two other museums dedicated to Freud, one of which is located in Vienna and the other of which has been recently opened in the Czech Republic.
Camden Town Hall, the city hall for the Camden London Borough Council, is currently controlled by the Labour party, the largest party within the district. The political landscape of the town follows a model similar to that of most local London government. The Council is divided into five departments, being Children, Schools and Families, Central Services (finance, legal and strategy and organization development) and Chief Executives Department. The departments are structures such that the head director of each directorate reports directly to the Chief Executive, with assistant directors heading up various sub divisions of the department and reporting directly to the respective head director. The sib-divisions are further divided into groups, which are then split into services. The borough is included within the Barnett and Camden London Assembly constituency which is represented by the Labour Party.
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